Nightmares are the bad dreams that disturb us and awake us from the sleep. Nightmares can vary from the person to person but the most common one is that a person feels chased by the other. Different emotions develop during the nightmares some feel sad other can feel anger or depressed but generally people feel anxiety and fear.
There are many reasons why people have nightmares. It can be due to traumatic events in life for e.g. death of a close friend or relative, a severe accident or other shocking event. It also happens because of certain medications or illness and also the withdrawal of some medicines. Nightmares can happen because of stress, tension. Other causes of nightmares are sleep disorders, excessive consumption of alcohol. In children nightmares are more common than the adults. It occurs in the age of three or four and seven or eight. No need to worry for the nightmares in the children because it is just a phase of their growth and in this way they are learning to deal with their fears and problems. They dream mostly about the animals. There are some people who experience nightmares totally unrelated to their lives which show that these people have a good creative mind.
Nightmares are different from night terrors. Night terrors occur in the NREM stage of sleep. It Results in screaming and thrashing about in bed while nightmares occur in REM stage of sleep. It results in the fear and anxiety but not in screaming and other symptoms as in night terrors. Moreover nightmares are rarely remembered. Nightmare acts as a â€œpsyche reliefâ€ as all the fear and feelings from our subconscious mind is expelled out in the form of nightmares.
Depending on the cause of nightmare we can prevent it like if it is due to some medication then consultation is required with the doctor. No treatment is required in the case of children. What you can do is to talk with them about their bad dreams and make them sure that it was only a dream nothing like that will happen in the reality. This will surely help them.