Blood pressure is the pressure of blood inside the blood vessels, or we can say the push of blood against the walls of arteries. Heart beats pump the blood into arteries, and this time the blood pressure is highest in the body, it is known as systolic pressure. When the heart is at rest (gap between two beats), blood pressure in the body falls and this pressure is known as diastolic pressure.
Blood pressure is measured in two numbers (systolic and diastolic). For e.g. if the blood pressure of a person is 140/90mmhg then the top number or first number is the systolic pressure and the bottom or second number is diastolic pressure.
The level of your blood pressure should not fall from 120/80mmhg and does not rise above 140/80mmhg. Below 120/80mmhg is low pressure and above 140/90mm hg is high blood pressure.
EFFECTS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
High blood pressure for long time may cause heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure, etc. It also affects the eyes and nervous system. It may cause dizziness, headache, etc.
Most of the pregnant ladies with high blood pressure deliver healthy babies without any serious problem, but it may affect the kidney and other organs of mother. It may also cause the early delivery and low weight of the baby.
Women having the problem of blood pressure before pregnancy are at greater risk of having complications in their pregnancy than the women with normal blood pressure.